According to UN data 2018 urban population in the world stood at 55% and is set to increase to 60 % by 2030. Meanwhile, Africa’s Urban population represents 43% of the total African population. However, Africa’s population is set to triple by 2050, and by that time Africa’s population in urban centers will represent 21% of the global total. For example, in Kenya data provided by the Kenya Population and Housing Census 2009 through the International Migration Organization (IMO) indicates that Kenya’s Urban population is set to hit 44.3 million up from 12 million in 2010.

The consequences of these migration trends are tremendous for the livelihood and the economy of the rural communities. The youth make about 73% of the total population of the Eastern African Community (EAC) representing a strain on employment, education, health, and food security in the member states. Teachers are struggling to provide young people with the competences they need to optimize their functioning and to be successful in 21st century Kenya. East African Community boasts a good reach of secondary and primary education facilities with impressive literacy rates of 83% across the region. This can be leveraged to increase PoP awareness and IRID is a good platform for both research and practical instruction under this respect.

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